Monday, Jun 17, 2019



13-06-2019,Mombasa (Kenya): IGAD region is home to about 17,506,106 camels contributing over 51% of the world population. However, camel potential is affected by among others increased frequency of drought due to climate change, undiagnosed disease that causes sudden death and other transboundary animal diseases like camel pox, pests, limited knowledge and skills on camel husbandry by extension staff and limited value addition on camel milk, meat and hides. Therefore, a two days regional workshop was organized to review the current status of camel production and marketing; good practices and lessons learnt from past investments and challenges that affect the value chain. Workshop participants included veterinary technical personnel from ministries responsible of animal resources, the private sector (milk processors, exporter and association), research institutions (ILRI and KALRO), non-governmental organizations (Mercy Corp, World vision and Save the Children) and (USAID).

Dr. Obadiah Njagi, the Chief Veterinary Officer (CVO), Kenya, opened the workshop. He reiterated the importance of camels in the ASALs of IGAD region. They greatly contribute to pastoral resilience bearing in mind climate change that has led to increased frequency of drought in the region. As such, camels are affected by inadequate fodder and water in addition to a number of unrecognized diseases, However, through IGAD effort, grades and standards of live camels were developed to promote trade. Countries should focus on value addition in camel products like milk, meat and hides that is poorly developed. Welcome remarks were also made by Dr. Solomon Munyua, the Director of ICPALD.  

 Recommendations and way forward

  1. IGAD should support the development of a regional camel development policy and strategy  for domestication by member states
  2. Member states should support capacity development in camel health and husbandry practices by liaising with training institutions to include modules on camels in their training curriculum (certificate, diploma and degree) and strengthen extension service
  3. IGAD, research institutions, development partners (donors and implementing) and member states should support research efforts involving community participation to promote breeding programmes, unravel/ mitigate undiagnosed camel diseases , among others to improve camel productivity and health service delivery
  4. IGAD should support the development of a regional camel forum (as a sub-network of regional animal health network) incorporating all interest groups in camel issues for sharing good practices, challenges, lessons learned, research findings, market needs and for networking
  5. Member states, development partners and IGAD should support value addition in live camels and camel core (milk & meat) & by- (hides, bones [necklaces, key holders] etc) products along the value chain and strengthen market linkages to minimize informal trade,
  6. Member states, development partners and IGAD should support rangeland improvement through rehabilitation, develop standard operating guidelines and strengthen governance structures to mitigate effects of drought, climate change, land degradation and invasive weeds encroachment,
  7. Member states and IGAD should develop bankable proposals and seek for willing development partners to finance camel development projects at national and regional levels

 ICPALD expresses appreciation to the RPLRP project /World Bank for funding this activity.


5th May, 2019,Djibouti Palace Kempinski (Djibouti): IGAD Center for Pastoral Areas and Livestock Development (ICPALD), through financial support of USAID consulted relevant stakeholders in Djibouti and collected data on the status, challenges and next steps on Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) Measures. The national draft strategy aligned to IGAD regional SPS strategy was reviewed; enriched and validated on 5th May, 2019 in Djibouti by SPS technical experts from across the country.  Thirty one (31) representation from Ministry of Agriculture, Water, Livestock, Fisheries and Marine Resources, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Trade, Chamber of Commerce, IGAD and FAO participated.

The Permanent Secretary of Ministry of Agriculture, Water, Livestock, Fisheries and Marine Resources, Mr. Ibrahim Elmi made official opening remarks.  He stressed the need for the country to have strong regulatory mechanisms, laws in place and be able to respect and enforce them. He noted that since Djibouti imports a lot and also serves as a corridor for exports for Eastern region countries, it is essential to have the national SPS strategy that will help increase the countries’ competitiveness in international trade and at the same time safeguard the health of its people, livestock and the environment. Mr Ahmed Yunis Habbane on behalf of IGAD Executive Secretary and ICPALD Director also made welcome remarks. Finally the meeting made the following recommendations:

  • Comments and suggestion provided at the meeting on the SPS strategy to be incorporated and submit the final version
  • Djibouti to domesticate the final national SPS strategy and promote its utilization with the key stakeholders
  • IGAD/ICPALD together with the Republic of Djibouti should support the establishment of the initiated national SPS committee to enhance inter-sectoral collaboration and expedite implementation of the national strategy

IGAD Center for Pastoral Areas and Livestock Development expresses its appreciation to USAID for financing this activity.



18 April, 2019 Entebbe, Uganda: Through an EU-funded project on "strengthening the capacity of African countries to conservation and sustainable utilization of African animal genetic resources (AnGRs) implemented by AU-IBAR, IGAD Centre for Pastoral Areas and Livestock Development (ICPALD) was financed  to develop a Regional Model Policy/Legal Framework for Conservation, Sustainable Utilization and Access and Benefit Sharing of Farm Animal Genetic Resources. It was validated in a regional workshop in August, 2018 in Nairobi by all member states and development partners. IGAD/ ICPALD convened a regional stakeholder workshop in Entebbe, Uganda from 18-20th April, 2019 to create awareness and lobby for domestication of the model policy and legal framework by member states. Thirty-three participants included technical staff from ministries responsible for animal resources from IGAD MS, ICPALD, ILRI, ICARDA and FAOSFE participated. The workshop concluded with a visit to the Ugandan animal genetic resource center and data bank and the sub-regional gene bank that has been refurbished and equipped by AU-IBAR.

Dr. Juliet Sentumbwe, the commissioner of MAAIF, Animal Production division officially opened the three days workshop. She emphasized on the need to enhance awareness and facilitate domestication of the model policy and legal framework at member states (MS) level. This will help safeguard African animal genetics especially of transboundary breeds, those at risk of extinction and those resistant to a number of diseases. Welcome remarks also made by Dr. Solomon Munyua, ICPALD Director and Dr. Edward Nengomasha on behalf of AU-IBAR Director. The meeting made the following recommendations and way forward:


  1. MS should coordinate stakeholders and timely domesticate the IGAD regional model policy and legal framework on AnGR as per the time line agreed or before as appropriate
  2. AU-IBAR and IGAD should finalize material transfer agreement and memorandum of understanding that will facilitate interested countries to utilize the sub-regional gene bank in Entebbe, Uganda
  3. MS that are yet to initiate or finalize domestication of global plan of action on AnGR should strive to put in place the national plan of action as a matter of urgency while those who have developed move forward with implementation,
  4. MS should promote public private partnership on management and utilization of AnGRs
  5. Research partners such as ILRI, ICARDA should design simple messages on key findings of AnGR research and share to stakeholders for dissemination


                                                                  ICPALD expresses appreciation to AU-IBAR and EU for funding this activity.



Naivasha, Kenya; 2-3rd April, 2019:In August, 2018, IGAD Center for Pastoral Areas and Livestock Development (ICPALD) with financial support from USAID facilitated for Ethiopia and Kenya to develop an implementation framework (IF) to operationalise the signed MoU on cross-border cooperation and coordination on animal health and sanitary measures. The IF put in place coordinated arrangements that included establishment of joint steering committees (JSC) at national level and multidisciplinary technical committees (MTC) at sub-national levels to follow up and monitor implementation of agreed activities under various strategic objectives. As a follow up, a bilateral  workshop was convened with financial support from the World Bank funded Regional Pastoral Livelihood Resilience Project (RPLRP) to officially launch the two committees (JSC & MTC) and agree on harmonized procedures. The meeting was attended by JSC and MTC members from the Ministries of the two countries responsible for animal resources and bordering regional states and countries and implementing partners/projects ; namely, FAO, DRC, VSF-G and GIZ.

Dr. Michael Cheruiyot officially opened the meeting on behalf of the Chief Veterinary Officer, Kenya. He reminded participants on the significant role of the MOU in creating an enabling environment to prevent and control Trans-boundary Diseases in a coordinated manner and facilitate uninterrupted trade in livestock. The meeting was also addressed by Dr. Alemayehu Makonnen, the CVO, Ethiopia and Dr. Solomon Munyua, the Director of ICPALD. The meeting made the following recommendations and way forward;

Recommendations and way forward

  1. Governments of Ethiopia and Kenya should use the upcoming events to continue popularizing the MOU signed by Ministers and endorsed implementation framework to development partners, policy makers (national/ federal and regional/ county governments) and other stakeholders along the livestock value chain for buy-in and contribution for achieving the objectives ;
  2. ICPALD should support cross border meetings to evaluate effectiveness of disease control activities and lessons learnt between the two countries,
  3. Ethiopia and Kenya should develop a harmonized disease vaccination calendar and implement along the border
  4. ICPALD should share a template with the two countries for sharing progress reports on cross-border animal health activities on a quarterly basis,
  5. JSC and MTC should continuously advocate for national/ regional or county resources (from existing budget and manpower) and develop bankable proposals for resource mobilization from development partners to complement the two government efforts to implement activities in the IF among others,
  6. Future JSC and MTC meetings should consider participation of coordinators of non-cross border programs to build synergy for efficient delivery of services,

ICPALD expresses appreciation to the RPLRP project /World Bank for funding this activity



28 March 2019, Addis Ababa, (Ethiopia): IGAD Center for Pastoral Areas and Livestock Development (ICPALD) with financial support from USAID organized a bilateral two days meeting between Ethiopia and Somalia technical teams in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia from 26-27th March, 2019 to develop an implementation framework to operationalize the Memorandum of Understanding on crossborder cooperation and coordination on animal health and sanitary measures. This was followed by a one-day meeting of Ministers responsible for animal resources in the two countries on 28th March, 2019 who signed the MoU that will strengthen the two countries’ cooperation and collaboration along their common border to address animal health issues including disease surveillance, disease control and timely sharing of animal health and trade information Participants included Ministers, protocol officers, Somalia ambassador to Ethiopia, Veterinary technical staff from national and regional/ state governments, FAO, ICPALD and community leader.

 H.E Mr. Umer Hussien, the Minister of Agriculture, Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, opened the Ministerial meeting. He emphasized the need for Ethiopia and Somalia to work together in a harmonized approach in terms information sharing, disease prevention and control, livestock movement control, vaccination, disease surveillance, among others for the benefit of each country. This will mitigate animal disease outbreaks, ensure continued crossborder and international trade in livestock especially with Middle East countries. This will contribute to improved income to the crossborder communities and the two countries in general. Remarks were also made by H.E Hussein Mohamud Sheikh Hussein, the Minister of Livestock, Forestry and Range, the Federal Democratic Republic of Somalia and Dr. Ameha Sebsibe on behalf of ICPALD Director.   

 The two meetings achieved the following:

  • The first meeting of technical staff drafted an implementation framework to operationalize the MOU and established a governance structures
  • The two Ministers signed the cross border MoU.

 The ministerial meeting committed to:

  • Advocate and maintain political will at the highest level of our two countries in support of the Memorandum of Understanding and the draft Implementation Framework aimed at operationalizing the MOU
  • Mobilize required resources from within our respective countries, together with IGAD and from the Donor community to fund various activities in the MoU areas of cooperation and the draft implementation framework (IF)

 ICPALD expresses appreciation to USAID for funding this activity



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