Saturday, Jan 22, 2022

The Africa Land Forum (ALF) 2021 aspires to explore, and mobilise actors on, the role of national level platforms or coalitions for inclusive land governance in advancing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in Africa. As a pre-event of the Conference on Land Policy in Africa (CLPA), the ALF topics build upon the CLPA’s theme, "Land governance for safeguarding art, culture and heritage towards the Africa We Want". Multi-stakeholder platforms and national land coalitions work around effective land governance institution and administration reforms, as well as the monitoring and evaluation of inclusive land governance (sub-themes 2 and 3 of the CLPA). The overall aim of the 2021 land forum is to provide space for land users, local communities, Indigenous Peoples, women (including rural women), youth, policy makers, and various development actors to exchange ideas and mobilize forces for action around the centrality of multi-actor partnerships for land rights and secure land tenure for all. This, towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals.

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October 11, 2021 (DJIBOUTI, Djibouti): The Director of the Agriculture and Environment Division, Mohamed Moussa, representing the Executive Secretary of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) inaugurated a workshop to launch an IGAD 'Blue Economy' project at the Sheraton Hotel in Djibouti.

The participants came from the 4 IGAD Member States (Djibouti, Kenya, Somalia and Sudan) where this IGAD Blue Economy Project is to be implemented the coming three years with the financial support from Sweden. Regional Organizations such as Africa Union and Regional Economic Communities (RECs) and other development partners also participated in the workshop. The inception workshop is combination of physical and virtual.
In his opening speech, Mr Mohamed Moussa, after thanking the many participants for their presence, also thanked Sweden took the “opportunity to thank the Government of Sweden for all the support provided to IGAD regional programmes and projects, and particularly for funding this first IGAD Blue Economy project.”
Mr Mohamed Moussa closed his speech by reaffirming the importance that IGAD attaches to the biodiversity sector and its preservation.
“I want to inform you that Blue Economy and Biodiversity is the top priority of IGAD and this is reflected well in the IGAD Regional Strategy 2021-2025. I would like to assure you that IGAD is committed to provide all the necessary support for the effective and timely implementation of this project”.

The objectives of the meeting are:

  • To introduce the project and present project operational work plans and implementation arrangements
  • To engage with participants to share knowledge and identify further potential for synergies or collaboration, with the aim of maximising the potential of achievingproject objectives while aligning with national and regional priorities.

The expected outcomes of the workshop are:

  • A shared understanding of the objectives, activities and implementation arrangements for the project
  • Potential synergy on-going regional and national projects on blue economy and related sectors.


IGAD signed a project (enhancing blue economy in the IGAD coastal member states for biodiversity conservations and livelihood diversification) aimed at promoting Blue Economy with funding from Sweden. The project will be implemented within three years in the four IGAD coastal Member Countries: Djibouti, Kenya, Somalia and Sudan. The main objectives of the project include:

  • improve the governance of the Blue Economy in the IGAD region;
  • conduct marine biodiversity situation analyses;
  • develop/adopt tools for Blue Economy valuation;
  • make inventory of chemical and plastic pollutants from source to sea;
  • assess the impact of pollution (Plastic and chemical) and develop mitigation measures on aquatic biodiversity and ecosystems;
  • develop and apply tools to monitor and mitigate chemical and plastic pollutions in the concerned coastal member countries.

The project will include implementation of the IGAD BE Strategy, capacity building activities, analysis and exchange, as well as demonstration of activities in pilot sites, supporting all the participating countries in developing and applying best practice for linking management of biodiversity and related coastal ecosystems and livelihoods diversification.



September 22nd – 24th , 2021 (ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia): The Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) with the support of Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) convenes a meeting on Civil Society Engagement to Support Cross Border Land Governance Programming in Addis Ababa.

The purpose of the meeting is to strengthen regional convergence by improving land governance in the Somali Cluster through inclusive conflict sensitive land use and management. The Somali cluster covers Mandera County of Kenya, Somali Regional State of the Federal Republic of Ethiopia, and Gedo region of Jubbaland State of the Federal Republic of Somalia.

The three days meeting brought together over 13 civil society organizations working in the Somali cluster specifically in the areas of Jigjiga, Dollo Ado, Dollo, Belet Hawa, and Mandera. The organizations present included: Save the Environment Ethiopia (SEE), Pastoralists Concern, OWDA and OPPD working in the Somali Regional State of the Federal Republic of Ethiopia, ADA, SRDA, ADR, JUMAN, ADP and Kaalmo working in the Gedo Region, Jubbaland State of the Federal Republic of Somalia, and Mandera Women For Peace and Development, RECONCILE and CRDD working on the rangelands in the region.The CSOs shared their experiences and lessons on the cross border and identified plans and strategies to partner and collaborate with IGAD in improving land governance in the Cluster.

Speaking for IGAD Executive Secretary, Mr Mohamed Moussa, Director of Agriculture and Environment Division noted that “IGAD has embarked on new ways of work to build and strengthen its work with the Member States by ‘taking IGAD to the people.’ This calls for strategic partnerships with Member States and communities through civil society organizations”

He highlighted that “CSOs are important in promoting sustainable in-country interventions to promote people centered, conflict and gender sensitive land governance founded on the best practices espoused in the regional and international land policy frameworks. The CSOs are strategic in connecting and mobilizing communities and other actors to influence land governance. Today’s meeting is therefore signaling a start of a great journey to transform land governance in the IGAD clusters through multi-stakeholders’ approach”.

The overarching objective of the meeting was to help the IGAD Land Governance Program to achieve greater results and impacts by strengthening its mechanisms for participation and coordination with CSOs in implementing the Somali Cluster project. The specific objectives were two folds: Strengthen the IGAD Land Governance Program’s capacity to build cooperative working modalities with CSOs in the Somali cluster and promote staff interactions with CSOs in a way that enhances the Land Governance Program work and contributes to the effectiveness of the Somali Cluster land governance project.

The workshop developed a road map for October – December 2021 in terms of laying the foundation for partnerships and robust engagements in the project implementation. The CSOs developed areas of collaboration based on their mandates and competence. This is the first step towards developing strategic partnerships and mobilizing and connecting stakeholders in the cluster for gender and conflict transformative land governance. The next multi-stakeholders meeting on pastoralism and land governance is scheduled for December 2021.



September 6, 2021 (ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia): In conformity with the mandated objectives and guidelines of the E€OFISH programme, IGAD in partnership with ECOFISH held a workshop on 6 and 7 September in Addis Ababa, at the Radisson Blu Hotel.

About 30 participants attended the workshop. Fishery Director Generals, Directors and Fishery Senior Experts from IGAD Member States attended the workshop. There was also virtual participation of Ecofish Programme Management Unit Experts from Mauritius.

This 2-day workshop focused on finalizing the terms of reference, including the operational modalities of the IGAD Fisheries Coordination Platform (IFCP) within the ECOFISH programme guidelines.

In his opening speech, H. E. Dr. Fikru Regassa, State Minister of Ministry of Agriculture (Ethiopia) noted that the inland and marine coastal fisheries resources of the Eastern Africa, Southern Africa and Indian Ocean region represent significant natural wealth and that the ECOFISH strives to ensure the sustainable management of these assets by putting in place policies to handle them effectively, and protecting promoting through good fishing practices.

Dr. Eshete Dejen, Ag. Programme Manager of Environment Protection made welcome remarks on behalf of lGAD. He stated that IGAD is a frontline implementer of Ecofish Programme.

The proposed IGAD sub-regional platform is intended to complement the endeavors of the Marine Fisheries Work Plan Steering Committee of the Ecofish Programme to ensure seamless collaboration and partnership among IGAD member countries. The IGAD Fisheries Coordination Platform is proposed to be implemented based on a proper consultative and participatory approach.


The E€OFISH Programme is a Cross-Regional Initiative funded by the 11th EDF to leverage regional cooperation for enhancing sustainable inland and marine fisheries in Eastern African, Southern Africa and the Indian Ocean (EA-SA-IO) region. The programme is promoted and administered by EUD Mauritius and IOC Secretariat in collaboration with the duly mandated regional economic and fisheries organizations (DMROs)for the benefits of the ACP partner countries in the region. It has a total budget of 28 million euros over 62 months starting that started in July 2019, however, its implementation has been delayed by the social restrictions provoked by the COVID-19 pandemic in the region.

Several objectives are fixed and consist of to assist in the strategic orientation of sub-regional and national chapter of the regional interventions and to provide inputs for the formulation of Concept Notes and Terms of Reference for Technical studies, background papers and Agenda for the sub-regional meetings and workshops.




August 12, 2021 (ADDIS ABABA, Ethiopia): The IGAD post-harvest loss management (PHLM) strategy was endorsed at a virtual ministerial meeting organized by the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) on 12 August 2021 with the technical support of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).

The PHLM strategy will guide future interventions and activities aimed at reducing food loss and waste towards improving nutrition and food security in the IGAD region. It will contribute to meeting PHL reduction targets under the third commitment of the Malabo Declaration on Africa Accelerated Agricultural Growth and Transformation and the Sustainable Development Goal 12 that call for reducing by half the PHL levels, respectively, by 2025 and 2030. The strategy was technically reviewed and validated prior to its endorsement by Ministers for Agriculture of IGAD member states at the virtual meeting.

H.E. Workneh Gebeyehu, Executive Secretary of IGAD, in an official statement emphasised that Post-Harvest Loss (PHL) is an important but often forgotten factor that exacerbates food and nutrition insecurity in the IGAD region. Welcoming the PHL strategy, formulated with FAO's support, he stressed that "IGAD is committed to the full implementation of the PHL strategy and to work with member states, development partners and concerned stakeholders towards contributing to the attainment of the global sustainable development goals and the AU agenda 2063."

In his opening remarks, Chimimba David Phiri, FAO Subregional Coordinator for Eastern Africa noted that food losses in Sub-Saharan Africa can be as high as 50 per cent, in high-value commodities products from production up to retail. In 2018, the IGAD region experienced post-harvest losses in grains of approximately 4.1 million metric tons, valued at over USD 1.3 billion, he said.

According to the African Union’s 2019 second Biennial Review Report on the Implementation of the 2014 Malabo Declaration, of the eight IGAD countries, only Uganda in the IGAD region was on track to meet the PHL targets.

Phiri called out to member states to enhance investment in the prevention of food losses, which deprive the population of safe and nutritious food for human consumption, rather than investing only in increasing food production. “Given that nearly a third of the food we produce is lost or wasted, there is a need for governments to seriously consider allocating adequate budgets for food loss and waste reduction”, he concluded.

On her part, H.E. Josefa Sacko, Commissioner for Agriculture, Rural Development, Blue Economy and Sustainable Environment of the African Union Commission, urged member states to refocus and include the reduction of post-harvest food losses in national Covid-19 recovery plans to transform food systems and, in turn, contribute to ending hunger in Africa.

IGAD member state Ministers for Agriculture unanimously adopted the resolution endorsing the IGAD regional post-harvest loss (PHL) management strategy at the event, following statements they delivered reflecting the post-harvest loss situation in their respective countries.

The next steps agreed included ensuring the domestication of the strategy to the national level, either through integration with national frameworks or through the development of new national strategies. Participants of the event consisted of post-harvest management technical experts, agriculture ministers in IGAD member countries and representatives from IGAD Secretariat, Africa Union Commission, FAO Sub-regional Office for Eastern Africa (FAOSFE) and representatives of the IGAD member states, other UN agencies, non-governmental organizations, and partner organizations.

Reducing Post-Harvest Loss in the IGAD region Food loss and waste represent economic losses for all actors along agri-food value chains, including end consumers. Any loss of produce translates to losses of resources, such as labour, water, energy and land, as well as avoidable climate change and social impacts. This exacerbates food and nutrition insecurity.

FAO in partnership with the AUC and the Rockefeller Foundation piloted an initiative on practical storage solutions. These include metal silos and hermetically sealed bags to store grains and improved crates to transport fresh fruits and vegetables to reduce damage during transportation. In 2018, a continental post-harvest management strategy was developed to effectively guide and coordinate food losses and waste reduction initiatives at the regional and national levels to meet the PHL Malabo and SDG targets. IGAD has dedicatedly included the objective of reducing post-harvest losses in the region’s efforts to build efficient and resilient food systems for improved food security, nutrition and livelihoods.

Matching IGAD’s commitment, FAO has launched a project titled “Post-Harvest Loss Reduction for Enhanced Food and Nutrition Security in the IGAD Member States” towards improving the capacity of IGAD and its member states to bring about lasting solutions of ending post-harvest loss in the region.





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